Gender Equity

The following is the full text of the speech which was read by Chris Ernst to Joni Barnett during the Yale women's demonstration on March 3, 1976.  Many thanks to Karlene Khor for locating this document in the Yale archives.

"Mrs. Barnett:

    These are the bodies Yale is exploiting.  We have come here today to make clear how unprotected we are, to show graphically what we are being exposed to.  These are normal human bodies.  On a day like today the rain freezes on our skin.  Then we sit on a bus for half an hour as the ice melts into our sweats to meet the sweat that has soaked our clothes underneath.  We sit for half an hour chilled...half a dozen of us are sick now, and in two days we will begin training twice a day, subjecting ourselves to this twice everyday.  No effective action has been taken and now matter what we hear, it doesn't make these bodies warmer, or dryer or less prone to sickness.  We can't accept any excuses, nor can we trust to normal channels of complaint, since the need for lockers for the Women's Crew has existed since last spring.  We are using you and your office because you are the symbol of Women's Athletics at Yale; we're using this method to express our urgency.  We have taken this action absolutely without our coach's knowledge.  He has done all he can to get us some relief, and none has come.  He ordered the trailer when the plans for real facilities fell through, and he informed you four times of the need to get a variance to make it useable, but none was obtained.  We fear retribution against him, but we are, as you can see, desperate.  We are not just healthy young things in blue and white uniforms who perform feats of strength for Yale in the nice spring weather; we are not not just statistics on your win column.  We're human and being treated as less than such.  There has been a lack of concern and competence on you part.  Your only answer to us is the immediate provision of use of the trailer, however inadequate that maybe. --    Yale Women's Crew 3/3/76"

WEB SITES FOR BEGINNING RESEARCH ON GENDER EQUITY*

Achieving Athletic Equity
http://www.k12.wa.us/equity/AthleticEquity/evaluating.aspx
Developed by the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, in
consultation with the Seattle Office of the Office for Civil Rights, U.S.
Department of Education, and the Washington Interscholastic Activities
Association, this comprehensive site offers an entire schema (with forms)
that can be used to evaluate gender equity in athletics.

Achieving Athletic Equity - Q&A
http://www.wiaawi.org/genqa.html
A excellent question-and-answer session on High School Athletics. The
specifics of the discussion are tailored for Wisconsin but with very few
exceptions the discussion is helpful.

Achieving Gender Equity in Science Classrooms
http://www.brown.edu/Administration/Science_Education/Gender_Equity/
Compiled by Women Science Students and Science Faculty and Staff at NECUSE
Colleges and Based Upon Initial Work by Students at Brown University.

The Ada Project                                   
http://www.cs.yale.edu/HTML/YALE/CS/HyPlans/tap/tap.html
Taps Internet resource for women in computer sciences.

American Association for the Advancement of Science--Collaboration for Equity
http://ehr.aaas.org/3_2_3.html
An annotated work in progress, a compilation of publications, resources, and
organizations that are produced by, affiliated with, or invaluable to the
research of the partners of the Collaboration for Equity. It is a resource
for anyone seeking to develop equitable access, practice, and outcomes in
schools, the community, the government, and the home.

Center for Research on Parallel Computation GirlTECH
http://www.crpc.rice.edu/CRPC/Women/GirlTECH/
A teacher training and student technology council program. During GirlTECH's
initial two-week training period, held July 6 through July 17 at The Rice
School and Rice University in Houston, Texas, participating teachers from the
Houston area will receive intensive technology training and explore
innovative teaching strategies that impact gender equity in the classroom.

Classroom Interactions
http://www.engr.ucdavis.edu/college/information/gender/hand3.html

Clearinghouse on Gender, Science and Technology for Development
http://gstgateway.wigsat.org
The Gateway is designed to be an information "one-stop shop" for development
experts, governments, and the private sector.

Connections Across Cultures
http://www.wvmccd.cc.ca.us/mc/cac/
The Connections Across Cultures Project started with a network of twenty-six
classroom teachers. Fifteen are members of groups which are underrepresented
in science, math, engineering, and technology. Sixteen work in technical
fields, ten specialize in humanities.

EAC Resource Center
http://www.nyu.edu/education/metrocenter/eac/resource.htm
Maintains a special collection of print and videotapes to promote educational
equity (K-12) in all curricular areas, from language arts to science and
technology. Materials on equity in curriculum and policy, the integration of
gender equity and multicultural education, and on stereotyping and role
expectations provide educators with the tools to revise the curriculum,
develop staff in-service programs, and promote parent/school partnerships.
Provides reference and lending services to all interested persons, including
a long distance borrowing service and has the facilities for reviewing books
and previewing videotapes and films at the barracks. Subject bibliographies
based on the materials in the collection are available.

Assuring Gender Equity in Classroom Interactions
http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/content/cntareas/science/sc200.htm

Environmental Checklist
http://ehrweb.aaas.org/ehr/3_2_1.html
American Association for the Advancement of Science's Directorate for
Education and Human Resources Programs designed this list to help you create
a better learning environment for all students in your school and school
district. The checklist is divided into five critical areas: administrative
policies/data collection, curriculum instruction, teacher development, family
and community development, and learning environment.

EQUALS
http://www.lhs.berkeley.edu/equals/EQhomeFrm.htm
Programs at the Lawrence Hall of Science, University of California at
Berkeley, provide workshops and curriculum materials in mathematics for
teachers, parents, and community members. These programs include the EQUALS
Workshops in mathematics and equity, a series of professional development
workshops, and the FAMILY MATH Program.

Equity Center
http://www.nwrel.org/cnorse/index.html
The Equity Center (formerly the Center for National Origin, Race, and Sex
Equity) serving Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, American Samoa,
Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Republic of Palau.

Equity Education - Washington State
http://www.k12.wa.us/equity/
The Equity staff provides technical assistance to districts as directed by
federal and state laws and monitors school districts to ensure an equitable
educational program for students in relation to race, national origin,
gender, and special needs.

Equity Education On Line
http://www.etdc.wednet.edu/equity/default.html
Equity Education On Line was developed by EOIS (Equal Opportunities in
Science), a committee of the Washington Science Teacher's Association and was
funded by an Eisenhower Mathematics and Science Act grant. Web pages and
database design were done by the Educational Technology Development Center at
Puget Sound Educational Service District in Seattle, Washington.

Equity@ENC: Equity Materials
http://www.enc.org/equity/eqtyres/index5.htm
This list of regional and national equity projects provides contact names,
mailing addresses, e-mail addresses, and other program information. Although
it is not comprehensive, the list includes both new and mature projects as a
starting point for those concerned about equity in math, science, and
technology instruction.

Gender Equity in Education
http://www.crpc.rice.edu/CRPC/GT/mborrow/GenderEquity/gendsite.html
A list of sites related to gender equity compiled by Martha C.
Phelps-Borrowman. The pages contain hundreds of links to information for
everyone who cares about the education of all of our children. This site was
constructed to promote a heightened awareness of the need for gender equity
in education for both girls and boys.

Gender Equity In Sports
http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/
An ongoing project being maintained by Mary C. Curtis and Dr. Christine H.B.
Grant at The University of Iowa, this is the comprehensive site for those
monitoring competitive intercollegiate athletics. Included on the site is one
of the most complete historical summaries of efforts to achieve equity at the
college level.

Gender Equity Resources for K-12 Teachers
http://www.aauw.org/4000/gender.html
These gender equity resources for K-12 teachers are presented by the American
Association of University Women Educational Foundation through a grant from
Whirlpool Foundation.

InGEAR: Integrating Gender Equity and Reform
http://128.192.78.66/ingear.html
InGEAR is a three-year, collaborative project of five Georgia universities
and is funded by the National Science Foundation. The five participating
universities are The University of Georgia, Georgia Institute of Technology,
Georgia State University, Georgia Southern University, and Clark-Atlanta
University. This site links to curriculum materials that promote excellence
and equity in mathematics, science, and engineering instruction.

The Marymount Institute for the Education of Women & Girls
http://uta.marymt.edu/~wominst/
The Institute aims to become a national center for teacher training and
educational research whose mission is the improvement of education for all
women and girls.

Weaving Gender Equity Into Math Reform
http://www.terc.edu/wge
Funded by the National Science Foundation, Weaving Gender Equity into Math
Reform (based at TERC in Cambridge, MA) seeks to assist staff developers,
curriculum writers, and workshop leaders in expanding the equity content of
their workshops, videos, and written materials for teachers. This project is
investigating the specific question of gender equity in math reform, as well
as the larger equity issues that these reforms pose for students from various
academic, socio-economic, and linguistic backgrounds.

NWREL's Northwest Educational Technology Consortium
(Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory)
http://www.netc.org/equity/index.html
Closing the Equity Gap in Technology Access and Use: A Practical Guide for
K-12 Educators-planning for equity guidelines and issues and intervention
strategies presented.

Resources for Gender Equity in Nebraska Industrial Technology Education
http://www.nde.state.ne.us/ITECH/gender.html

Rural and Urban Images: Voices of Girls in Science, Mathematics, and
Technology
http://www.ael.org/nsf/voices/
These units designed to teach science and mathematics concepts through
activities indigenous to rural culture and to help build bridges between
daily life and school science and mathematics. Workshops were designed around
activities that would engage girls as well as boys.

Strategies for Achieving Equity
http://enc.org/reform/journals/scimath.htm
Equity in the Reform of Mathematics and Science Education, Southwest
Educational Development Laboratory--Reform Support Documents for Science and
Mathematics.

Women's Educational Equity Act (WEEA) Equity Resource Center
WEEA ERC works to improve educational, social, and economic outcomes
for women and girls.  WEEA Materials to Support Title IX Mandates
http://www.edc.org/WomensEquity/pubs/digests/digest-title9.html#materials

Also at WEEA's site:
Books in English and Spanish for Educators and Parents
http://www.edc.org/WomensEquity/pubs/catalog.html/#science
Lifting the Barriers: 600 Strategies That Really Work to Increase Girls'
Participation in Science, Mathematics, and Computers For K-12 educators, and
La Igualdad de Género para Educadores, Padres, y la Comunidad (Spanish
translation of Gender Equity for Educators, Parents, and Community) Equity in
Education Series. For K-12 teachers, administrators, parents, and community
programs.

http://www.edc.org/WomensEquity/pubs/catalog.html/expanel/paneldescr.html -
encouraging Math, Science, and Your Daughter: What Can Parents Do? / Las
Matemáticas, Las Ciencias y Su Hija helps parents encourage their daughters
in math and science and overcome the barriers of sex discrimination by
learning about the roles women play in science.

The Women of NASA Project
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/women/POW.html
K-12 Internet Initiative showing female role models in high-tech careers

Also from NASA:
Annotated Bibliography
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/women/resources/annbib.html
A bibliography of books related to gender equity in math and science.


* Special thanks to Gae Broadwater who started this list as a part of her
larger project, and thanks to Herb Dempsey for sending us this set of resources.